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Év, oldalszám:2004, 7 oldal
Nyelv:magyar
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Exercise 1. Complete the text below by writing the suitable word from the list in each space provided There are 20 gaps but 25 words given. Use each word once only! The children chattering . (1) Miss Hughes entered the classroom Then they stood up as one body and (2) in a loud chorus: "Good morning, teacher." Miss Hughes smiled, said good morning too and told the class to sit down (3) a glance there seemed to be about thirty-five pupils in the . (4) The majority (5) girls She noticed several intelligent faces. All the pupils were watching her intently, waiting no (6) to find out what (7) of person she was. "I . (8) you want to know my name," she said But before she . (9) tell them, someone in the class called out, "Its Miss Hughes" Everybody laughed. Miss Hughes laughed too "News . (10) quickly," she said "Im afraid it will (11) me longer to learn all your names" Miss Hughes opened the attendance register and called their names in

turn. When she (12) to the last name on the list, John Young, she noticed that he had been absent for over a month. "Whats the matter with John Young?" she asked, . (13) up "Hes in hospital, Miss Hughes," said a fair-haired girl in the front . (14) "Hes broken his leg" "He slipped on the ice," added one of the boys. ". (15) anyone been to see him in hospital?" Miss Hughes asked No one replied It was (16) to start the lesson. "Now. (17) me see," said Miss Hughes, looking at the timetable "The first lesson is English" "Oh! Please tell us a story," begged one of the girls. Several of the pupils repeated this Miss Hughes smiled "Very well," she said. "But first of all I want you to write a letter (18) John Young Well send the best ones to cheer him up in hospital. Afterwards Ill tell you a story, if youre good" They were all writing busily when Miss Hughes slipped out of the classroom to

fetch a book which she . (19) left in the staffroom. She passed the headmistress in the corridor "Any trouble from that class ?" the headmistress asked. "Not so far," said Miss Hughes confidently. "They all seem very well (20)" (A) to (N) had (B) about (O) take (C) has (P) was (D) told (Q) row (E) let (R) behaved (F) as (S) looking (G) came (T) said (H) could (U) sort (I) time (V) stopped (J) at (W) doubt (K) suppose (X) class (L) go (Y) were (M) travels Exercise 2. Chose the ONE CORRECT answer in the questions below 1. There very good news in the papers today A) have B) are C) is D) were 2. Hi Fred, how nice to see you Can I get you A) something drinking B) some drink C) something drink D) any coffees 3. There isnt coffee in the shop A) anything B) at all C) much D) a lot 4. Ive got you can take, if you like A) any old furniture B) some furnitures C) something good furniture D) some really good

furniture 5. I dont want your dictionary and I dont want your help A) neither B) either C) too D) as well 6. Passengers smoke in the departure lounge (A) shouldnt be allowed to (B) shouldnt be allowed (C) shouldnt allow to (D) shouldnt allow 7. If only we a car I am tired of waiting for the bus (A) have (B) should have (C) had had (D) had 8. They the parcel a week ago, but it didnt arrive (A) ought have received (B) must have received (C) ought to have received (D) would have received 9. Mr Fireman in the Sahara from 1877 to 1889 (A) has worked (B) has been working (C) had been working (D) worked 10. The Danube, runs through Budapest, is one of the longest rivers in Europe (A) which (B) what (C) that (D) 11. The chicken twenty eggs yesterday (A) lay (B) layed (C) laid (D) lain 12. of them were any good (A) Either (B) Both (C) Neither (D) Each 13. I am sorry late (A) for being (B) being (C) on being (D) to be 14. Ive just lost 5 pounds I a lot of sweets (A) used to eating

(B) was used to eat (C) used to eat (D) got used to eat 15. surprised me was the way she said no (A) That (B) What (C) It (D) Which 16. What will you say if he the question (A) would pop (B) pops (C) will pop (D) was to pop 17. By the time we to the party, all the spirits (A) got/would have been drunk (B) get/will have been drunk (C) will get/will have been drunk (D) will get/ will be drunk 18. I wish my parents leave me alone (A) would (B) might (C) should (D) will 19. The little boy started to cry when his big brother hit him in stomach (A) his (B) (C) the (D) a 20. I think I am a late, ? (A) dont I (B) wont I (C) arent I (D) wouldnt I 21. Which of the following sentences is correct? (A) Luckily, the police was there in time. (B) He needed my advise. (C) Were the police arrived in time? (D) Has the policeman arrived yet? 22. It seems he still what he is looking for (A) havent found (B) hadnt found (C) wont have found (D) hasnt found 23. Jeff is good at tennis me (A) as //

as (B) as // than (C) so // as (D) so // like 24. Our plane to be at least an hour late (A) is probable (B) is likely (C) should (D) must have 25. A: Has he done everything I asked him to do? B: I (A) I think that. (B) I would tell so. (C) I believe so. (D) I hope it. 26. Dont worry about the bags, I you (A) will help (B) will be help (C) help (D) am helping to 27. She told me she more of my books (A) was looking for reading (B) looked forward to reading (C) was looking forward to read (D) was interesting in reading 28. Would you help me with this test, you are (A) so much intelligent (B) really good in English (C) such an intelligent girl (D) so intelligent girl 29. If she you, her about it? (A) wouldnt have seen // would you have told (B) hadnt seen // would you have told (C) hasnt been seen // would you have told (D) hadnt seen you // will you tell 30. Would you move a bit, please, I see the screen (A) cant (B) am not able to (C) dont manage (D) wont succeed to

Exercise 3. Guided Composition Choose one of the two topics below, and write a letter of 17-20 lines 1. Describe a favourite place in your hometown to an English penfriend Mention why it is special where it is what it is like what you find strange or interesting about it 2. Write a letter to a friend asking for advice about good Christmas presents Mention who you want to buy the present for how much money youve got what the persons interests are Exercise 4. Write the number of the most suitable sentence (1-6) in the text below There is one extra sentence which you do not need. While I was walking along the road the other day I happened to notice a small brown leather purse lying on the pavement. I picked it up and opened it to see if I could find out the owners name . (A) - a picture of a woman and a young girl about twelve years old, who looked like the womans daughter. I put the photo-graph back and took the purse to the police station, where. (B) Before I left, the sergeant made a

note of my name and address in case the owner of the purse wanted to write and thank me. That evening I went to have dinner with an uncle and aunt of mine. They had also invited another person, a young woman, so that there would be four people at table The young womans face was familiar, . (C) I was quite sure that we had not met before In the course of conversation, however, the young woman happened to remark that she had lost her purse that afternoon. I at once remembered where I had seen her face. She was the young girl in the photograph, .(D) Of course she was very surprised when I was able to describe her purse to her. Then I explained that I had recognised her face from the photograph I had found in the purse. My uncle insisted on going round to the police station immediately to claim the purse .,(E) he said that it was a remarkable coincidence that I had found not only the purse but also the person who had lost it. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. but I could not remember where I had

seen it I handed it to the sergeant in charge although she was now much older To my great surprise, There was nothing inside it except some small change and a rather old photograph As the police sergeant handed it over Exercise 5. Read the text below and answer the questions in English Apart from technical terms, you should use your own words and only include information from the text. Advertising: Ikea Aggressively Goes After Consumers Ikea, the Swedish furniture chain, is taking the hard sell to new heights in Britain. In the process, the company is joining a growing list of marketers whose messages to British consumers, in a departure from tradition, are becoming ever more aggressive. In television advertisements that are being shown in England and Scotland through the end of the month, Ikea introduces the furniture Mafia - three thugs who pay house calls on customers who have never shopped at Ikea stores. In one spot, the gangsters visit a man while he is showering. "Why have

you never been to Ikea, George? Do you think we only do the big furnitures?" asks Sven, one of the thugs. In another, a woman comes home to find the gangsters in her kitchen. They suggest she buy some chairs While looking through the catalogue, she sees a picture of her husband sitting on one bound and gagged. The commercials end with the tagline "Come and see us, or well come and see you." Dubbed "commercials" by St. Lukes, an independent agency in London that created the spots, the advertisements are focused on the 28 percent of the population that lives within a one-hour drive of an Ikea store but has never shopped in one. "The virgins," said Vic Mirauer, the account director for St Lukes In a break with British advertising tradition, long noted for restraint, such advertisements are becoming increasingly common here, advertising executives say. In contrast to the United States, where shock ads that used fear tactics to scare consumers into buying

products were common in the early half of the 20th century, advertising in Britain, especially when it comes to television, has always been far more corseted. With the publicly financed British Broadcasting Company dominating British television, "no one believed that viewers would watch programs with commercials," said Winston Fletcher, a director of DLKW, a London agency, and the author of several books on the advertising industry. Moreover, the government took a harsh stance, limiting the quantity of advertising to seven minutes an hour and setting strict content guidelines. Among them, as stated in the Independent Television Commission Code, is that "advertisements must not without justifiable reason play on fear." Print media must contend with a similar rule from the Advertising Standards Authority that requires all advertisements to be "legal, decent, honest and truthful. "Combined with a British mentality that avoids salesmanship,

"advertisements became subtle to the point of incomprehensibility," Mr. Fletcher said. Now the messages are becoming sharper. For Ikea, St Lukes reached back to American campaigns from decades ago. "In the 1930s, 40s and 50s, shock tactics were widely used to scare housewives into buying certain products," said Suzanne Viner, managing director of the Advertising Archives, a photo library based here. Some of the more memorable slogans from that era include one from Palmolive Soap in the 1920s that asked: "Would your husband marry you again?" The implication is, "Not with those dishpan hands. "Then there was one from Listerine circa 1930 that promulgated a phrase that has haunted unwed women ever since: "Always a bridesmaid, never a bride." "The Ikea ads are an ironic take on that tone of voice," Ms. Mirauer said "A postmodern twist" on those hackneyed conventions. 1. What is Ikeas new advertising campaign like in

England and Scotland? 2. Who are these ads focusing on? 3. What kind of tactics were used at the beginning of the century? 4. What rules have been introduced by the authorities on issues such as advertising? 5. How were housewives scared in the first half of the last century? Exercise 6. Translate the following text into Hungarian The Myth of the "Normal" Family Our cultural mythology about parenting is that there is "one right way" to raise children. Most people believe that the best way to raise children is with both a stay-at-home mother (at least while the kids are young) and a breadwinner father in a long-term marriage that lasts "till death do us part." We have been told that any family that is different from this norm has a negative effect on youngsters. The majority of families, however, do not fit this model. Most mothers have to, or want to, do some work outside the house; about half of all marriages will end in divorce; and many more people

than ever before will choose to have children without getting married. New scientific information has emerged in the last 10 years that contradicts the idea that there is one right way. We now know that children can thrive in many different family forms The scientific evidence shows conclusively that what is important for them is the quality of the relationships they have with the people who care for them, rather than the number, sex, or marital status of their caregivers. Nevertheless, perfectly normal families that do not fit into the traditional model feel bad and often believe that they providing their offspring with an inferior version of family life. For these parents, trying to conform to the Myth of the Normal Family often generates guilt, anxiety and stress. MEGOLDÁSOK: Exercise 1. 1-F; 2-T; 3-J; 4-X; 5-Y; 6-W; 7-U; 8-K; 9-H; 10-M; 11-O; 12-G; 13-S; 14-Q; 15-C; 16-I; 17-E; 18-A; 19-N; 20-R. Exercise 2. C B C D B A D C D A C C A C B B C A C C D D A B C A B C B A Exercise 4.

A-5 B-2 C-1 D-3 E-6 Exercise 5. Sample answers to the questions: The new ad campaign is aggressive and shows mafia men visiting homes asking why the owners have never been to an Ikea store or why they dont have any Ikea furniture. The new campaign focuses on those future customers who have never been to an Ikea store yet. The so-called fear tactics were used to get people to buy ordinary things. The government has limited the amount of ads to seven minutes an hour on TV and is also strict about the quality (content) of the ads. This means that they cannot use the tactics of fear and they have to be honest, decent and true to life. Housewives were asked questions that made them think if their husbands would marry them again or if they could get married at all, which two perspectives seemed the most frightening at that time. Exercise 6. A CSALÁD MÍTOSZA A kultúránk mitológiája a nevelésrõl azt tartja, hogy létezik a helyes út gyermekeink felnevelésére. A legtöbb ember

azt hiszi, hogy a sikeres gyerekneveléshez szükséges egy háztartásbeli anya (legalábbis addig, amíg a gyerekek picik), valamint egy kenyérkeresõ apa, egy hosszútávú házasságban míg a halál minket el nem választ. Azt tanították nekünk, hogy az a család, amelyik eltér ettõl a normától, negatív hatással van a fiatalokra. Ugyanakkor, a családok többsége nem illik bele ebbe a modellbe A legtöbb anyának kényszerül, vagy szeretne a háztartáson kívül is dolgoznia; a házasságok közel fele végzõdik válással, az eddiginél sokkal több embere választja, hogy anélkül nevel gyermeket, hogy összeházasodna. Új tudományos eredmények látak napvilágot az elmúlt 10 évben, amelyek ellentmondanak annak az elképzelésnek, hogy van egy helyes út. Tudjuk, hogy a gyermekek sokfajta családformában képesek élni. A tudományos eredmények meggyõzõen bizonyítják, hogy ami számít a gyerekeknek, az elsõsorban a kapcsolatok minosége azokkal az

emberekkel, akik gondjukat viselik, nem pedig a gondviselõik száma, neme, vagy családi állapota. Mindazonáltal, azok a teljesen normális családok, akik nem illenek bele a hagyományos családmodellbe, rosszul érzik magukat, és gyakran úgy gondolják, hogy alacsonyabb rendû családi életet tudnak biztosítani gyermekeiknek. Ezeknek a szülõknek az, hogy megpróbálnak a Normális Család Mítoszának megfelelni, gyakran okoz lelkiismeretfurdalást, idegességet, és stresszt.