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Food Industry Student workbook 2 Contents Unit 1 Page 1 Unit 2 2 Unit 3 3 Unit 4 4 Unit 5 5 Unit 6 6 Unit 7 7 Unit 8 8 Unit 9 9 Unit 10 10 Unit 11 11 Unit 12 12 Unit 13 13 Unit 14 14 Unit 15 15 Unit 16 16 Unit 17 17 Unit 18 18 Answer Key 19 ii Food Industry 1 1 Match the words (1–4) with the examples (a–d). 1 2 3 4 a b c d size shape weight colour green oval large 0.5 kg 2 Complete the text with the words listed below. grading groups size foods quality Sorting describes the way in which 3 weight, or colour. 5 based on . 2 are separated into on the basis of describes the process of sorting the foods into groups 1 4 3 Label the parts of the food washing machinery with the terms listed below. cleaned vegetables spray nozzles raw root vegetables water 1 2 3 4 1 4 3 2 4 Complete the sentences with the words listed below. poultry washing manually contaminated 1 Many root crops are 2 Wet cleaning describes the 3 4 5 6

grading separate with soil after harvesting. of food with water to remove dirt. Shape sorting is used in cereal processing to different grains. Weight sorting is widely used in the processing of eggs, meat, and fish. Food grading is frequently carried out . Different characteristics need to be considered when food. Food Industry 1 2 1 Read the text and answer the questions. Food Processing Food processing is the way in which different methods and techniques are used to turn raw ingredients into food or to turn food into other forms so it is suitable for human consumption. This can be done in the home, or for large-scale operations in a factory. Food processing takes clean, harvested crops, meat, fish and poultry and uses these to make saleable, appetizing and often long-life food products. Similar processes are also used to produce animal feed. 1 Food processing turns raw ingredients into ? 2 Food processing makes food suitable for ? 3 Food processing is used to create ? 4

Similar processes are used to create ? 2 Match the words (1–6) with the definitions (a–f). 1 2 3 4 5 6 cleaning separating disintegrating pumping mixing packaging a b c d e f the process of raising or pushing fluids or gases combining things together creating different parts from one unit the process of removing dirt a suitable container for distributing food something that is breaking up 3 Complete the text with the words listed below. contaminated airtight preserving methods sealed freezing Canning 1 2 Canning is a way of food. The food contents are processed and in an 3 container. This method provides an average shelf life of one to five years 4 To prevent the food from being before and during the canning process, a number of 5 6 are used. These include pasteurisation, boiling, refrigeration, and drying. 4 Find six words relating to food processing. The words read from left to right () and top to bottom (↓). canning cleaning packaging grading washing sorting 2 Food

Industry w a s h i n g t q e e s o r t i n g e s q g u j s u o c c u o r t q e i c o l o i a e o h z u e e z u d v n r e p r a i r i b c a n n i n g s n z u d n u t i r o p g a c l k o a j g e i d n n g e o 3 1 Match the verbs (1–6) with the definitions (a–f). 1 2 3 4 5 6 a b c d e f adjust check fit inspect test top up make sure something is correct or safe fill to the correct level change something slightly because it is in the wrong position try something to see how well it works put something in the correct place look at something very closely or in detail 2 Rearrange the words to make food hygiene and safety guidelines. 1 make sure/ clothing/ hygienic/ you/ clean/ Please/ always wear 2 compulsory/ a cap/ Wearing/ in/ the/ factory/ is 3 your hair/ have to/ You’ll/ tie/ back 4 be scrubbed/ at the end of/ All work surfaces/ each shift/ have to/ and cleaned 3 Underline the correct words to complete the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 You must/ needn’t remember to

wash your hands after touching raw food, to prevent contamination. I can’t/ must inform the supervisor if I have an infection – he’ll decide if it is OK for me to work. You don’t have to/ mustn’t use the slicer without the guard because you might cut yourself. There’s no eating in the food preparation area, so you don’t have to/ can’t chew gum. You mustn’t/ needn’t put food in the general rubbish bin – use the correct food bin. 4 Complete the canning process chart with the words listed below. labelling grading Growing filling cooling Harvesting peeling Transporting Sealing Blanching Cooking Storage Cold storage > washing Coring /Halving / Slicing Despatch Food Industry 3 4 1 Label the equipment diagram with the words listed below. feed tube pusher spindle 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 lid blade disks speed selector handle bowl motor unit 1 7 2 3 6 5 4 2 Match the parts of the mixer (1–10) with the descriptions (a–j). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 a

part containing the motor and the various circuits making the appliance work. b blades that can replace the cutting mechanism to grate or mince food. c device that pushes food into the bowl. d propeller blade that mixes or grinds food as it turns. e part used to pick up and move the bowl. f shaft that transmits the motor’s movement to the blade or disks. g device used for controlling the rotation speed of the blade or disks. h conduit in which food is placed. i container in which food or ingredients are placed. j removable part covering the bowl. disks motor unit spindle speed selector bowl handle blade lid feed tube pusher 3 Match the attachments (1–3) with the pictures (a–c). 1 dough hook 2 paddle 3 whisk a b 4 Match the attachments from Q3 with the definitions (1–3). 1 It’s used for making bread or pizza. 2 It’s used for mixing. 3 It’s used for whipping eggs or cream. 4 Food Industry c 5 1 Find ten words relating to mixers. The words read from left to

right () and top to bottom (↓). turn open slide screw put latch feed fit close push q r n a h g t u r n p s c r e w p c a q s g p u s h h l g l f e e d g a s o s a a t j x h s j s x t r f w h s l o e h c j i r q p i a s u h t t b p a d g a p j x h l g j e i o p x o p e n l f x p u t 2 Complete the text with the words listed below. feed open turn unscrew fit close put in pushing 1 2 This is the slicer. Here’s the handle You the handle to the horn. The 3 attachment comes out, so that you can a different attachment, for example a slicer or a 4 shredder. It’s a circle attachment Unlatch the door to change the attachment the plate 5 6 and the new plate in. Put your produce into the horn and the door by 7 8 down the handle to it through the shredder. 3 Complete the text with the words listed below. processing bakers finished household occupations perform Food processing roles 1 Food processing consist of several types of workers who process raw food products 2 into

the goods sold by supermarkets, wholesalers and restaurants. These workers 3 a range of tasks and are responsible for producing many of the food products found in 4 5 every . Some of these workers are , others slaughter or process meat, and 6 others operate food equipment. 4 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets. 1 Food hygiene 2 Food hygiene 3 Food hygiene (protecting) food from contamination. (preventing) harmful bacteria from growing in food. (destroying) harmful bacteria. Food Industry 5 6 1 Read the list of words associated with bread making. Mark each one as a process (P) or ingredient (I). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 flour mixing proving yeast salt cooling baking water 2 Number the stages of bread making (1–4) in the order in which they should be done. Proving   Mixing   Cooling   Baking 3 Complete the text with the words listed below. bakeries ovens bake manufacturing quantities pastries Bakers 1 2 Bakers mix and ingredients

to produce breads, , and other baked goods. 3 Bakers are employed in commercial that distribute breads and pastries through 4 supermarkets and other retailers. In these facilities, bakers produce mostly standardized 5 6 baked goods in large , using high-volume mixing machines, , and other equipment. 4 Label the bread making process diagram (1–3) with the stages (a–c). a The dough is fermented naturally or by adding additives. b The dough is divided into pre-set weights by a machine. c Bread ingredients are poured into an industrial mixer. 6 Food Industry 7 1 Label the bread making processes (1–3) with the stages (a–c). a The dough is reshaped into loaves and placed in pans. b The bread cools as it moves along the conveyor belt. Vertical serrated blades slice the loaf c The dough moves through a warm, humid ‘prover’ on a layered conveyor belt. 2 Find eight words relating to bread making. The words read from left to right () and top to bottom (↓). proving yeast

cooling salt water slicing fermented dough c o o l i n g x s o c u o x d a c p l q i d q g i d o r i c w a t e r o a o c x q g l c h u i v i p h a i o u g u i n l l j c k p h l n g s y e a s t o r g h a p o e d q x q o c l f e r m e n t e d t 3 Match the types of bread (1–4) with the pictures (a–d). 1 2 3 4 brioche white loaf baguette ciabatta a    b    c    d 4 Match the types of bread (1–5) with the type of grain or flour used to make them (a–e). 1 2 3 4 5 white bread brown bread rye bread granary bread wholemeal break a contains the whole of the wheat grain b is made from flour of rye grain c is made from flour containing only the central core of the grain and 10% bran d is made from flaked wheat grains and white or brown flour e is made from flour containing only the central core of the grain Food Industry 7 8 1 Match the food hygiene words (1–8) with the descriptions (a–h). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 a b c d e f g h hygienic implements

premises support spillages efficient harbour storage life when food must be used by to keep things clean and free from disease tools to cook food with or to clean the kitchen fluids and food which have not been cleaned up to help something to happen a property where food is cooked or stored where food or dirt can easily hide how well something or someone works 2 Number the instructions (a–f) in the correct order (1–6). a Next, use sanitising soap from a dispenser. b Finally, dry your hands on paper towels. c d e f Then, rub the soap into both your hands and between your fingers. Next, rinse the nailbrush and your hands under hot water. After that, use a nailbrush to scrub your nails. Rinse your hands first under hot water. 3 Complete the sentences with the words listed below. bacteria complaints away chewing fall before salmonella health disease 1 Rodents include mice and rats. They spread . Rodents also cause damage by . Rodent droppings and urine can contain . 2 Bits

of metal and plastic can sometimes into food. This can lead to consumer and even risks if swallowed. 3 Soil can contain chemicals and . Raw vegetables must be cleaned other food. Vegetables should be fully cleaned cooking. 4 Match the pictures (1–5) with the labels (a–e). 1 a b c d e   2 jar packet carton box can   3 a Food Industry   5 c b d 8   4 e from 9 1 Complete the sentences using the (to) infinitive or -ing for of the verbs listed below. apply 1 2 3 4 5 switch on clean serve work Oh no! I’ve forgotten the refrigeration unit. When you’ve finished the floor, can you wipe down the walls? Did the manager let you on the production line in your previous job? I enjoy in the shop, but I’d rather work in the kitchen. I’ve decided for the supervisor’s job. 2 Use the clues to complete the crossword. Across 3 Covering for a small wound. (7) 5 A flow of blood from the nose. (5) 6 To be unable to breathe because something’ stuck in your

throat. (5) 8 An arm or leg joint out of place. (11) 10 Your body shakes violently. (10) 11 A broken bone. (8) 13 Feel this to check a heartbeat. (5) 10 C 14 An open cut. (5) Down 1 Blood flowing from a cut. (8) 2 Lifting heavy bags causes this. (6) 4 Fainted. (11) 7 Strip of cloth wrapped around an injury. (7) 9 To, twist, not break a joint. (6) 10 A section of a hospital. (6) 12 The result of touching something very hot. (4) 1 3 4 5 6 2 B S P U N C 7 B 8 9 D 11 12 13 S F B P 14 W 3 Complete the table of adjectives and adverbs. Adjectives Adjectives Adverbs 9 1 careful 2 clearly 10 patient 3 early 11 freshly 8 immediate politely 13 quietly 14 regular 6 good 7 late 12 quick 4 fast 5 Adverbs hard 15 seriously 16 slow Food Industry 9 10 1 Complete the text with the words listed below. spores produce illness poisonous organisms bacteria 1 There are three types of microthat can be found in, or transferred to, food. 2 1 Moulds: These

are reproduced by , which travel in the air. They can produce 3 toxins. Foods such as bread, jam and cheese may become mouldy 4 2 Yeasts: These break down sugars in food to carbon dioxide and alcohol, which are useful in wine and beer production. 5 3 Bacteria: Most are not dangerous and can’t be seen. However, pathogenic bacteria can 6 cause in humans. 2 Rearrange the words to make statements about precautions taken during the food production process. 1 high/ quality/ materials/ must be of/ Raw 2 foods/ below/ High-risk/ 5 degrees/ should be/ Celsius/ stored 3 handlers/ equipment/ and/ must/ with/ regulations/ Food/ hygiene/ comply 4 control/ for/ foods/ Temperature/ may be/ high-risk/ necessary/ foods 3 Match the labelling requirement (1–8) with the examples (a–h). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 food product name list of ingredients storage conditions shelf life instructions for use name and address of manufacturer: place of origin weight or volume a b c d e f g Tomatoes, water, sugar,

spices Once opened, store in the refrigerator Heat gently on the hob for 5 minutes Product of the UK Very Tasty Tomato Soup 500g Very Tasty Products Ltd, Unit 3 Ketchup Park, Kettering, Northants, NG2 3RT h Use by 10-10-12 4 Complete the table of food preserving methods with the words listed below. canning chilling salting freezing drying UHT bottling sugar smoking pasteurization sterilisation High temperatures canning Low temperatures 10 Food Industry freeze drying Removing moisture pickling Use of chemicals 11 1 Complete the sentences with the words listed below and draw the time on each clock. finish 1 My shift late early leave overtime starts at 8.00 am 4 I started work 7.30 am 2 It’s 9.00 am! I’m for work. 5 I am working 3 I 6 I today at tonight. I won’t finish work until 9.00pm my house at 6.30 am to catch the bus. work at 5.00 pm 2 Match the beginning of each sentence (1–5) with its ending (a–e). 1 2 3 4 5 a b c d e We have one hour I

work 42 hours We have two breaks, one Juan has worked for the company I only started working here in the morning and one in the afternoon six weeks ago per week for lunch for 12 years 3 Rearrange the words to make sentences about the working week. 1 work/ enjoy/ company/ I/ it/ working/ here/ is/ to/ a good/ for 2 shift/ changes/ My/ pattern/ weekly 3 work/ 8.00am/ I / Friday/ to/ 530pm/ Monday/ to 4 day/ look/ I/ it’s/ forward/ Friday/ pay/ to 4 Find ten words relating to time. The words read from left to right () and top to bottom (↓). hour shift early week day minute year start finish late s h i f t a q l a f a o o a k f w d o i v u g n s o e l c n q r z c t v e o t i y e a r a t k m g s f a g z r g r i d h c l k l t n f n j f d a y j v m l u t v g t p o a t a t n o o e a r l y q e t a Food Industry 11 12 1 Match the food packaging terms (1–5) with the descriptions (a–e). 1 2 3 4 5 a greaseproof and heat-resistant paper; used in baking b waterproof

paper treated with wax or paraffin that is somewhat heat resistant; it is used mainly to protect work surfaces while cooking c very thin sheet of aluminium used to wrap, cook, refrigerate or freeze food d airtight bag used to freeze food e transparent adhesive sheet used to wrap food or cover containers plastic film waxed paper aluminium foil parchment paper freezer bag 2 Label the first aid kit with the terms listed below. antiseptic scissors cotton wool plasters sterile pad triangular bandage 1 2 3 4 5 6 4 1 2 5 3 6 3 Complete the sentences with at, in or on. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Are you available for overtime Thursday? We have a large order to complete. We need to ask staff if they can work Is the maintenance manager the other factory today? Our staff meeting starts 4.00pm My lunch break finishes 15 minutes. I am not working next week. I am going holiday. the weekend. 4 Complete the text with the words listed below. packing keeping line production conveyor machinery

ingredients 1 Food processing workers are involved in the and packing of a wide variety of food items, including frozen, canned, baked, and dried products. 2 A food process worker usually works on a fast-moving production , which has 3 food moving along on belts, through different stages such as mixing, cooking and 4 . The other duties of a food process worker can include: 5 that processes the food • controlling the 6 • making sure the production line has a constant supply of 7 machines clean at all times • 12 Food Industry 13 1 Match the priorities of the food processing industry (1–4) with the examples (a–d). 1 2 3 4 a b c d Hygiene Energy Waste Labour e.g measured by the peel loss during the peeling of apples e.g measured by the number of micro-organisms per ml of final product e.g measured by ton of steam per ton of sugar produced e.g measured by the number of hours per ton of final product 2 Match the items (1–5) with the hazards (a–e). 1 2 3 4 5 scarf

ring sandals hair un-dressed wound a infection could contaminate the food product b could fall into the food product causing contamination and choking risk to the consumer c uncovered this could contaminate the food product or get caught in machinery d could get caught in machinery e unsuitable footwear could cause falls and injury 3 Read the text and answer the questions. Soft Bread Production Line A soft bread production line consists of a flour-mixer, dough-pressing machine, dough cutting machine, rolling machine, forming machine, baking oven, cooling and packaging machine. The soft bread production line produces breads that are of the same size, taste and colour. Wheat-mixing Auto pressing Formenting 1 Cutting Baking Rolling Cooling Sterilizing Forming Packaging Name three machines in the production line. 2 All the bread produced is the same in which three ways? 3 What is the fourth process in the production diagram? 4 What is the final process in the production

diagram? 4 Complete the table with the expressions of quantity listed below. Some expressions are used twice a lot of a little any many I’ve got. a few much lots of some I haven’t got. a lot of Food Industry 13 14 1 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets. 1 When I (arrive) at work this morning, I was (prepare) for a very busy day. 2 By the time I made it to the office, the meeting (begin, already) without me. My supervisor (be) very angry. 3 Since I began working here, I have (perform) several jobs. Now I am (charge) of training. 2 Complete the sentences with the passive form of the verbs in brackets. 1 2 3 4 5 The message (take) by the receptionist. The delivery driver (give) the wrong directions. Esta (thank) for her hard work. The production output (monitor) closely by the supervisor. More than half of the employees in the study (identify) as being happy with their salary. 3 Match the phrasal verbs listed below with the

definitions (1–6). chase up 1 2 3 4 5 6 carry out catch up get on with fall behind hold up lose time on a schedule perform a task cause a delay contact somebody in order to remind them to do something spend extra time doing something because you haven’t done it earlier make progress 4 Match the words (1–5) with their opposites (a–e). 1 2 3 4 5 14 organized clean clear (instructions) clear (work area) safe Food Industry a b c d e dirty disorganized cluttered unsafe unclear 15 1 Read the note and answer the questions (1–3). Carmella The conveyer belt in section 3 is running slowly. I have called an engineer, but he is not available until tomorrow afternoon. Can you move production to section 2, and check all products in section 3 have not been affected by the fault? This should take about four hours. Thanks Jorge 1 What’s the problem? 2 What has Jorge asked Carmella to do? 3 How long will the job take? 2 Match the words (1–5) with the definitions (a–e).

1 2 3 4 5 a b c d harm done to a person’s body a way of doing things to prevent accidents a report about possible dangers a particular way of doing something, especially one in which you have to learn special skills e something that happens; an event; a fire, a collision, an accident a safety procedure a risk assessment a technique an injury an incident 3 Match the words (1–7) with the abbreviations listed below. cm 1 2 3 4 g kg oz grams kilograms tonnes millimetres lb mm t 5 centimetres 6 pounds 7 ounces 4 Complete the sentences by choosing the correct option. 1 Let’s what is blocking the drain. a to find out b finding out c find out 2 We have to shut the production line immediately. a up b down c out 3 How are you planning the delivery schedule? a do b doing c to meet 4 The conveyer belt is wearing - it’s time to replace it. a off b on c out Food Industry 15 16 1 Complete the table. Comparative long longer the heavy 1 the heaviest 2

dangerous Superlative more/ 3 dangerous the good 5 the best bad 6 the 4 / least dangerous 7 2 Read the sentences and underline the unnecessary articles. 1 2 3 4 5 She has got an experience of working in a food processing plant. Stop! Something has a caught in the machine. I don’t know how to work this machine. I need a more instructions Our employees have the good first aid skills. Which the shifts are you working this week? 3 Underline the correct words to complete the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 In case/ If a machine breaks, we try to get it repaired as quickly as possible. We always have a first aid kit on the production line in case/ if there’s an accident. When/ In case there’s a machinery fault, we call an engineer. We have a fire extinguisher when/ in case there is a fire. When/ In case we get new equipment, we are trained to use it properly. 4 Label the meat slicing machine with the words listed below. blade on/off switch guard 1 2 3 4 2 1 4 16 position

knob Food Industry 3 17 1 Label the sausage maker with the words listed below. on/ off switch plastic food pusher 1 2 3 4 meat tray grinding head 1 4 2 3 2 Complete the sentences with when or while. 1 2 3 4 5 Nobody was talking I walked into the staff room. she realised it wasn’t working. Olivia tested several parts of the machine I don’t feel hungry I’m at work. I’m surrounded by food! It is vital you follow the hygiene procedures you are on the production line. You have to sign in you arrive for work. 3 Match the verbs (1–11) with the phrases (a–k) to make instructions about food safety and hygiene. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 a b c d e f g h i j k wear scrub tie back report wash wear keep follow use don’t handle check the factory rules and regulations long hair clean whites every day the guard is on the meat slicer all the work surfaces the correct rubbish bins any illnesses or infections food if your hands have open cuts a cap raw and cooked foods

separate hands in the hand-wash basin 4 Match the pictures of factory protective clothing (1–4) with the labels (a–d). a b c d 1 2 3 4 Overalls Non slip boots Plastic gloves hairnet 1 2 3 4       Food Industry 17 18 1 Match the words (1–5) with the definitions (a–e). 1 2 3 4 5 order supplier bid costs purchasing a buying b a price that a company offers to do work for or supply products for it it wins the order c to request goods from a company d a person or organization that provides goods or services e the amount of money spent on running a business 2 Label the cereal process diagram (1–3) with the stages (a–c) listed below. Super Breakfast Grain a the flakes are packaged ready to sell to the consumer b toasted flakes are coated with vitamins, minerals or sweeteners c the flakes are conveyed to ovens where they are tossed in a blast of very hot air 3 Complete the text about cereal packaging with the words listed below. cardboard cereal packages

consumer plastic sealed 1 An automated machine the cereal at a rate of 50 boxes per minute. The box, made from 2 a flat sheet of , has already been printed with the design and logo for the outside of the 3 box. The bottom and sides of the box are with glue. The bag is made from water-proof 4 5 and put into the box. The bag is filled with and then sealed by heat. The top 6 of the box is sealed with weak glue which allows the to open it. The completed boxes of cereal are packed into cartons which hold 12, 24, or 36 boxes and are sent to the retailer. 4 Match the words (1–5) with the definitions (a–e). 1 2 3 4 5 manual automated plant production line manufacture 18 Food Industry a the equipment, and often the buildings, required to carry on an b c d e industrial business operated or worked by hand the making of goods operated or controlled by machinery an arrangement of machines or a sequence of operations Answer Key Unit 1 Unit 4 1 1 c  2 b  3 d  4 a 1 1

pusher 2 1 foods 2 groups 3 size 4 Grading 5 quality 3 1 spray nozzles 2 washing 3 separate 3 1 b  2 a  3 c 4 poultry 5 manually 6 grading 4 1 b  2 a  3 c Unit 5 1 1 1 food 2 human/ animal consumption 3 saleable, appetizing and long-life products 4 animal feed 2 1 d  2 c  3 f  4 a  5 b  6 e 2 sealed 3 airtight spindle motor unit speed selector speed tube disks 7 d  8 j  9 h  10 c   Unit 2 3 1 preserving 6 7 8 9 10 lid blade handle bowl 2 1 b  2 a  3 f  4 g  5 i  6 e   2 cleaned vegetables 3 raw root vegetables 4 water 4 1 contaminated 2 3 4 5 4 contaminated 5 methods 6 freezing 4 w p a s g r a d i n g a s o c h r c k i t a a n i n g g n n i g i n c l e a n i n g g s c r e w f e p e u d s h s t u c r n o p e n f i l i d e l o s e l a t t p u t c h 2 1 turn 5 6 7 8 3 1 occupations 4 household 5 bakers 6 processing 4 1 protects 3 destroys 2 open 3 put in 4 Unscrew 2

finished 3 perform 2 prevents fit close pushing feed Unit 6 Unit 3 1 1 I  2 P  3 P  4 I  5 I  6 P  7 P  8 I 1 1 c  2 a  3 e  4 f  5 d  6 b 2 1 mixing 2 1 Please make sure you always wear clean, hygienic clothing. 2 Wearing a cap in the kitchen is compulsory. 3 You’ll have to tie your hair back. 4 At the end of each shift all work surfaces have to be scrubbed and cleaned. 3 1 must 2 3 4 5 2 peeling 3 filling 3 1 bake 2 pastries 3 bakeries 4 manufacturing 5 quantities 6 ovens 4 1 c  2 a  3 b must mustn’t can’t mustn’t 4 1 grading 2 proving 3 baking 4 cooling 4 cooling 5 labelling Food Industry 19 Answer Key Unit 10 Unit 7 1 1 organisms 1 1 c  2 a  3 b 2 c o o l i n g s w a t e r d o u g h y e a s t f e r m e n t e d l t p r o v i n g l i c i n g s a 2 1 Raw materials must be of high quality. 2 High-risk foods should be stored below 5 degrees Celsius. 3 Equipment and food handlers

must comply with hygiene regulations. 4 Temperature control may be necessary for high-risk foods. 3 1 e  2 a  3 b  4 h  5 c  6 g  7 d  8 f 4 High Low temperatures freezing chilling Removing moisture drying freeze drying Use of chemicals pickling salting smoking sugar temperatures canning bottling pasteurization UHT sterilisation 3 1 c  2 d  3 b  4 a 4 1 e  2 c  3 b  4 d  5 a Unit 8 1 1 b  2 c  3 f  4 e  5 d  6 h  7 g  8 a 2 1 f  2 a  3 c  4 e  5 d  6 b 3 1 disease/ chewing/ salmonella 2 fall/ complaints/ health 3 bacteria/ away/ before 4 1 d  2 c  3 a  4 e  5 b Unit 11 Unit 9 1 1 to switch on 2 cleaning 3 work 2 Across 3 5 6 8 10 11 13 14 plaster nosebleed choke dislocation convulsion fracture pulse wound 3 1 carefully 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 clear early fast fresh well hard immediately 4 produce 5 bacteria 6 illness 2 spores 3 poisonous 1 1 shift 4

serving 5 to apply Down 1 bleeding 2 strain 4 unconscious 7 bandage 9 sprain 10 clinic 12 burn 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 late patiently polite quickly quiet regularly serious slowly 4 early 2 late 5 overtime 3 finish 6 leave 2 1 d  2 c  3 a  4 e  5 b 3 1 I enjoy working here; it is a good company to work for. 2 My shift pattern changes weekly. 3 I work Monday to Friday; 8.00am to 530pm 4 I look forward to Friday; it’s payday. 4 s y h o u r e i a f r t s t a r d l a t e y a r t l y w e e k m i n u t e f 20 Food Industry i n i s h Answer Key Unit 16 Unit 12 1 1 e  2 b  3 c  4 a  5 d 2 1 cotton wool 2 3 4 5 6 plasters sterile pad antiseptic triangular bandage scissors 2 line 3 conveyor 4 packing 5 machinery 6 ingredients 7 keeping 1 1 b  2 c  3 a  4 d 2 1 d  2 b  3 e  4 c  5 a 3 1 Three of the following: flour-mixer, dough- pressing machine, dough cutting machine, rolling machine, forming machine,

baking oven, cooling and packaging machine. 2 Size, taste or colour. 3 Rolling. 4 Packaging. a little a few lots of some a lot of 2 1 an 4 the 5 the 3 1 If 4 in case 5 When 4 1 on/ off switch 3 guard 4 blade 2 in case 3 When 2 position knob Unit 17 Unit 13 4 I’ve got 5 better 6 worse 7 worst 2 heavier 3 less 4 most 2 a 3 a 3 1 on  2 at  3 in  4 at  5 in  6 on 4 1 production 1 1 longest I haven’t got any many much lots of a lot of 1 1 meat tray 3 on/off switch 4 plastic food pusher 2 1 when 4 while 5 when 2 grinding head 2 when 3 while 3 1 i  2 e  3 b  4 g  5 k 6 c  7 j  8 a  9 f  10 h  11 d 4 1 hairnet 2 overalls Unit 18 1 1 c  2 d  3 b  4 e  5 a 2 1 c  2 b  3 a 3 1 packages 2 cardboard 3 sealed Unit 14 1 1 arrived/ prepared 2 had already begun/ was 3 performed/ in charge 3 non-slip boots 4 plastic gloves 4 plastic 5 cereal 6 consumer 4 1 b  2 d  3 a  4

e  5 c 2 1 was taken 2 3 4 5 was given was thanked was monitored were identified 3 1 fall behind 2 carry out 3 hold up 4 chase up 5 catch up 6 get on with 3 1 b  2 a  3 e  4 c  5 d Unit 15 1 1 The conveyor belt in section 3 is running slowly. 2 Jorge has asked Carmella to move production and check products from section 3. 3 Four hours. 2 1 b  2 c  3 d  4 a  5 e 3 1 g 2 kg  3 t  4 mm 5 cm  6 lb  7 oz 4 1 c  2 b  3 c  4 c Food Industry 21 acknowledgements The publisher would like to thank the following for the permission to reproduce photographs: Alamy Images pp7 (brioche / Andrew Twort), 8 (jar / RTimages), 17 (hairnet / Shane Luitjens), (gloves / RichardBakerHeathrow), (rubber boots / Oleksiy Maksymenko), (overall / Yuri Arcurs, INSADCO Photography; Getty Images p7 (ciabatta / Simon Pask / Photolibrary); OUP pp7 (bread loaf / Photodisc), (baguette / Stockbyte), 8 (can / Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc), (crisps),

(carton / Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc), (box / Dennis Kitchen Studio, Inc). Cover image by: OUP (Industrial food production/Photodisc) Illustrations by: Oxford Designers and Illustrators. 3 www.oupcom A001187